Causing climate risks – By Kene Obiezu
If years of failure to control the depletion of what is arguably man’s greatest resource is finally yielding unpleasant results, it is because the toll has become far too tyrannical to ignore.
Around the world, as nature continues to protest its abuses to varying degrees, it is some of the world’s poorest people who are bearing the brunt.
Because human existence has long been marked by inequity, inequality and injustice, while the ripple effects of climate change are harsher, those most affected are those who have already been left behind. account and who are therefore the most vulnerable to shocks known to occur. human existence from time to time.
In the crosshairs of climate change
According to the World Health Organization, climate change impacts human life and health in various ways. It threatens the essential ingredients of good health – clean air, safe drinking water, a nutritious food supply and safe shelter – and has the potential to undermine decades of progress in global health.
Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause around 250,000 additional deaths per year from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress.
Direct health damage costs are estimated to be between $2 billion and $4 billion per year by 2030. Areas with weak health infrastructure – mainly in developing countries – will be the least able to cope without aid to prepare and react.
Greenhouse gas emissions that result from the extraction and combustion of fossil fuels are major contributors to both climate change and air pollution.
Many individual policies and measures, such as transport, food and energy use choices, have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and produce important co-benefits for society. health, in particular by reducing air pollution.
Climate Risk Verification
The most disturbing effect of climate change to date is that the people who suffer its consequences are those who contribute little to it through their way of life.
These are mainly the poorest people in the world.
The German watch industry’s Global Climate Risk Index (CRI) analyzes the quantified impacts of extreme weather events, both in terms of fatalities and economic losses.
The 2021 index showed that between 2000 and 2019, more than 475,000 people lost their lives worldwide and losses of US$2.56 trillion were incurred as a direct result of more than 11,000 extreme weather events .
The most affected countries in 2019 were Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Bahamas, Japan, Malawi, Islamic Republic of Japan, India, South Sudan, Niger and Bolivia. From 2000 to 2019, Puerto Rico, Myanmar and Haiti ranked among the countries most affected by extreme weather events due to climate change. All easily some of the poorest countries in the world.
If it is clear, and it appears to be, that the world’s poorest people are the most vulnerable to climate risk and are disproportionately affected by the devastating effects of change, that means tackling climate change means fighting for the well-being of the world. the poorest, including many children.
The 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference, more commonly known as COP27, will be the 27e United Nations Climate Change Conference and it will be held from 6 to 18 November 2022 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.
COP27 will allow governments to come together and accelerate global efforts to address the climate change crisis. The meeting will be important because it has been shown that climate change is moving at a faster rate than actions to curb it, and as a result ecosystems and communities are pushed to their limits.
It is hoped that climate risk mitigation will be at the forefront of the conference.